Vikings On A Plane

Sweden’s Defence – Strengths and Weaknesses

Share with your friends

It is commonly believed that Sweden will strengthen the NATO alliance’s overall defence and deterrence posture, especially as it relates to securing northeastern Europe. Here are its strengths and weaknesses.


  • 1. Highly Developed Submarines: Sweden produces advanced stealth submarines, notably by Saab, enhancing its naval capabilities.
  • 2. Own Fighter Jet Production: Sweden’s production of its own fighter jets, such as the Saab Gripen, provides a significant strategic advantage.
  • 3. AI Integration in Warfare: Ongoing research focuses on integrating artificial intelligence for better information management and decision-making in combat.
  • 4. Autonomous Systems Development: Emphasis on developing autonomous systems like drones to augment its defence capabilities.
  • 5. Modernization of Weapon Systems: Investment in next-generation weapons systems, improving long-range strike capabilities.
  • 6. International Engagements: Participation in international exercises, indicating a robust international defence strategy and partnership with NATO members.
  • 7. Total Defence Strategy: Adoption of a comprehensive total defence strategy, including cyber defence and mobilization strategies.
  • 8. Naval Focus on Baltic Sea: Strategic positioning and focus of the Navy in the Baltic Sea and Swedish archipelago, vital for regional security.
  • 9. Innovative Defence Projects: Involvement in international defence projects, such as Project Tempest, indicates a forward-looking approach to defence technology.


  • 1. Reduction in Defence Post-Cold War: Post-Cold War defence downsizing led to a reduction in defence capabilities, including a decrease in the number of hardened defences and anti-submarine warfare capabilities.
  • 2. Historical Neutrality Challenges: Sweden’s long tradition of neutrality poses challenges in adapting to modern defence and security alliances.
  • 3. Limited Use of Drone Technology: Currently, the Swedish Armed Forces does not extensively use drone technology, which is increasingly crucial in modern warfare.
  • 4. Outdated Army Equipment: Much of the Swedish Army’s equipment dates back to the 1970s, necessitating upgrades to keep pace with modern warfare demands.
  • 5. Limited Ground Force Mobility: Challenges in ensuring the mobility of ground forces for operations in cooperation with allies, especially in forward defence scenarios.
  • 6. Naval-Air Force Integration: Need to evolve the operational integration between the Air Force and Navy, especially as they operate at greater distances.
  • 7. Small Size of Armed Forces: The relatively small size of Sweden’s armed forces could be a limitation in large-scale conflicts.

Read also: Sweden Is Getting Fit For NATO

1 thought on “Sweden’s Defence – Strengths and Weaknesses”

  1. Pingback: Sweden Is Getting Fit For NATO - Nordic Defence Review

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *